5. Explain how the mantle's convection currents move the Earth's plates?
The deepest zone of the mantle is much hotter than the upper zone. Hot material rises to the top of the mantle and then cools and sinks. This rising and sinking happens in a circular motion. When the mantle flows it moves the plates.
6. What is happening at a transverse plate boundary?
A transverse plate boundary has two plates sliding by each other. Both plates are moving in opposite directions. A transverse boundary is like a tear in the Earth's crust.
7. Name two pieces of evidence that scientists have used to base the Continental Drift Theory on.
Scientists have used 1)magnetic bands in rocks and 2)fossils of tropical plants and animals that have been found in places like Antarctica and Greenland. They have also used fossils of fish found in high mountain regions in the center of continents.
8. The collision of the Indian plate and the Asian plate produced the Himalaya Mountains, the highest mountain range in the world.
9. What type of mountain formation is shown in the diagram below?