Geological Features of Ape Cave

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Geological Feature        ! Directions and Questions            !  Drawing 
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Flow Marks                ! Draw a cross section showing where  !
                          ! you found the flow marks            !
Description: These lines  !                                     !
mark the temporary sur-   ! Exlain why the flow marks are       !
face of the lava which    ! found there.                        !
flowed through the tube.  !                                     !
They can form from de-    ! ___________________________________ !
posits on or removal of   !                                     !
materials from the walls. ! ___________________________________ !
                          !                                     !
                          ! ___________________________________ !
                          !                                     !
                          ! ___________________________________ !
__________________________!_____________________________________!_________________________________
Tube-in-Tube              ! Draw a cross section showing:       ! a.              b. 
                          !                                     !                   
Description: As molten    ! a. tube-in-tube.                    !
lava flows within a lava  !                                     !
tube, its surface cools,  ! b. A person's (stick-figure's)      !
creating a hardened crust.!    size in relation to the size     !
This crust insulates the  !    of the tube.                     !
molten, flowing lava be-  !                                     !
neath it. When the molten !                                     !
lava drains away, it      !                                     !
leaves a tube-in-tube.    !                                     !
                          !                                     !
                          !                                     !
__________________________!_____________________________________!_________________________________

1. Why do people litter or vandalize caves? ______________________________________________________

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2. What is your opinion of people who do this? ___________________________________________________

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3. What should be done with people who litter and vandalize? _____________________________________

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Remelt (Glazing)          ! Remelting did not occur everywhere  ! 
                          ! in the cave. Draw a cross section   !  
Description: Heat from    ! showing where you found signs of    !   
the moten lava remelted   ! remelt.                             !
the inner walls and ceil- !                                     ! 
ing of the cave, forming  !                                     !  
a smooth, glossy surface  !                                     !  
with lavacicles.          !                                     !                                    
                          ! What are some possible reasons for finding remelt in these places? 
                          !                                     
                          ! ______________________________________________________________________ 
                          ! 
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Breakdown                 ! Draw a cross section showing:       !       
                          ! a. where breakdown in found         !                           
Description: As molten    ! b. where it came from (use arrows)  ! 
lava flows within a lava  !                                     !                                     
tube, its surface cools,  !                                     !     
creating a hardened crust.! What weakens and causes the cave walls to collapse?                                     
molten, flowing lava be-  !  
neath it. When the molten ! ______________________________________________________________________     
lava drains away, it      !        
leaves a tube-in-tube.    ! ______________________________________________________________________                                      
                          ! Is breakdown more common in wide passages, or narrow ones? Why?                                     
                          !  
                          ! ______________________________________________________________________                                     
                          !
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Biological Feature        ! Describe the smell and texture of the lava-tube slime: 
(Lava Tube Slime)         !
                          ! ______________________________________________________________________
Description: This is a    ! All living organisms need food to live. What does lava-tube slime eat? 
living fungus and bac-    !
terial growth found on    ! ______________________________________________________________________ 
the walls and ceilings    ! Light is brightly reflected by this coating on the lave-tube walls.
of the lava tubes.        ! Why does the reflection occur? (Examine the slime carefully before 
                          ! answering)
                          !
                          ! ______________________________________________________________________
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