Volcanic Landforms of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Photo by Dorian Weisel, U.S. Geological Survey, June 3, 1990.

Halemaumau, a pit crater, is a well known feature in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. The floor of Kilauea Caldera surrounds Halemaumau. The caldera wall is in the distance.

Lesson at a glance, Key Concepts, and Lesson Outcomes are available by clicking here.

Click here for a list of activities and teaching suggestions about volcanic landforms of Hawaii.

Click here for a list of references about the volcanic landforms.


There are a large numbers of volcanic landforms in the national park that are common on shield volcanoes and on volcanic landscapes made of basaltic lava. Fortunately, most of these landforms are easily recognizable and have descriptive names. The b est way to learn these features is to use the photographs and list of definitions in the following sections. The photos are supplemented with figures and maps.

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