Photograph by Gordon Macdonald, U.S. Geological Survey, December 4, 1953.
Mayon has the classic conical shape of a stratovolcano. It is the most active volcano in the Philippines. Since 1616, Mayon has erupted 47 times.
Nue ardentes, like the ones in the above photo, were recorded at 18 of these eruptions. Twelve eruptions have caused fatalities. Photograph by Jim Moore, U.S. Geological Survey, April, 1968.
The most recent eruption, in 1993, began unexpectedly with an explosion. The initial eruption lasted only 30 minutes but it generated pyroclastic flows that killed 68 people and prompted the evacuation of 60,000 others. This photo shows pyroclastic flows descending Mayon on March 2, 1993. Photograph copyrighted and provided by Steve O'Meara of Volcano Watch International.
Summit of Mayon with a small ash plume. March 7, 1993. Photograph copyrighted and provided by Steve O'Meara of Volcano Watch International.
Global Volcanism Network, 1993, Summary of recent volcanic activity: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 55, no. 4, p. 301.
McClelland, L., Simkin, T., Summers, M., Nielsen, E., and Stein, T.C., 1989, Global Volcanism 1975-1985, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 655 p.
Moore, J.G., and Melson, W.G., 1969, Nuee ardentes of the 1968 eruption of Mayon volcano, Philippines: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 33, p. 600-620.
Newhall, C.G., 1979, Temporal variations in the lavas of Mayon volcano, Philippines: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 5, p. 61-84.
Simkin, T., and Siebert, L., 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, AZ, 349 p.
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