Manam is a basaltic stratovolcano 7.5 miles (12 km) north of Papua New
Guinea. Its first known eruption was in 1616. Since then Manam has
erupted at least 30 times. The volcano has been very active in the 20th
century with 23 eruptions. Strombolian eruptions are
most common. Manam has been erupting since 1974, producing pyroclastic
flows and lava flows. In October of 1994, a major explosive eruption at
Manam sent a plume 6 miles (10 km) above the vent. Incandescent
projectiles were shot about a mile (1-2 km) above the crater. Although
this most recent eruption has caused damaged there have been no
fatalities. Photo by G.A. Taylor, August 1972. Photo courtesy of Jack
Lockwood, U.S. Geological Survey.
Manam, Papua New Guinea
Location: 4.1S, 145.0E
Elevation: 5,927 feet (1,807 m)
Space Shuttle photo (STS027-0032-0071) of Manam on December 2, 1988.
The view is to the southeast and a small eruption plume is visible. Papua
New Guinea is in the upper right of the photo.
Sources of Information:
Simkin, T., and Siebert, L., 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience
Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.
Palfreyman, W.D., and Cooke, R.J.S., 1976, Eruptive history of Manam
volcano, Papua New Guinea, in Johnson, R.W., ed., Volcanism in
Australasia: New York, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, p.117-128.