Ijen, Java

Location: 8.1S, 114.2E
Elevation: 7,826 feet (2,386 m)
Ijen is a stratovolcano with a summit caldera. The caldera is about 10 miles (16 km) in diameter. The fertile soils in the caldera are used to grow coffee. This photo is the view to the east across the caldera. Kawah Ijen, the active vent, is fuming on the left.

A dozen extinct stratovolcanoes have grown on the margins of the caldera.

Close-up view of Kawah Ijen. View is to the east.

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For further information on Ijen

Source of Information:

Kaswanda , O., and others, 1993, Volcanic hazard map of Ijen volcano, east Jawa: Volcanological Survey of Indonesia.

Pasternack, G.I., and Varekamp, J.C., 1997, Volcanic lake systematics: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 58, p. 528-538.

Simkin, T., and Siebert, L., 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.

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