A subset of a Landsat 7 image showing a mildly erupting Sakurajima
Volcano near Kagoshima, Japan, taken February 13th, 2000. Landsat
spectral bands 7.5 and 2 were used for red, green, and blue, providing
a good view of the geological features as well as emphasizing the
extents of the nearby cities.
Photo provided by Jon Christopherson, EROS Data Center.
Photographed by Mike Lyvers.
Since 1955 Sakura-jima volcano has erupted 100-200 times each year. Here is a sequence of four photos showing a typical vulcanian eruption.
December 30, 1991 - Photograph by Mike Lyvers.
Photograph by Mike Lyvers, December 30, 1991.
The pyroclastic flows at Sakurajima. Photograph by Mike Lyvers.
Sakurajima, a stratovolcano on the the island of Kyushu, is one of the most active volcanoes on Earth. Since it's first recorded eruption in A.D. 708, Sakurajima has been in nearly constant eruption. Most eruptions are Stombolian in character and effect only the summit of the volcano. However, deaths were caused by pyroclastic flows, tsunami, lava, and tephra during large eruptions in 1471-1476, 1779, and 1781. Earthquakes prior to the large eruption in 1914 did cause numerous deaths but provided warning of the impending eruption and the volcano was evacuated. The current eruptive activity began in 1955.
Eruption of Sakurajima, May 26, 1994. Photograph copyrighted and provided by Steve O'Meara of Volcano Watch International.
Volcanoes of the World by Tom Simkin and Lee Siebert Bulletin of Global Volcanism, 1995, v. 20, no. 5, p. 9.
Images of Volcanoes To VolcanoWorld