Zukwala is easily the tallest mountain near Adis Ababa. It stands 3600 ft (1100m) above the surrounding plain. The volcano is 7.5 miles (12 km) wide at its base. Many plants cover Zukwala's slopes. Thick trachyte lava makes up these slopes. Zukwala does not have pyroclastic rocks on its slopes like the other volcanoes in the area. Its caldera is 1.2 miles (2 km) wide and ~1000 ft (300 m) deep. There is a small lake in the bottom of the caldera. Natives of the area believe that the water from the lake will cure illnesses. Two churches have been built on the rim of the caldera.
Paola, G.M. Di, "The Ethiopian Rift Valley," Francesco Giannini & Figli, Napoli, Italy, 44 pp., August 1972.
Images of Volcanoes To VolcanoWorld