Looking east along the volcanoes of the Hellenic arc. Space Shuttle photo STS047-0079-0097 taken on September 15, 1992.
The volcanoes of Greece are part of the Hellenic volcanic arc, a curved-line of volcanoes stretching from Methana in the east to Kos in the west. The volcanoes are the result of the subduction of the north-moving Africa plate under the Aegean microplate (part of the Eurasian plate). From Newhall and Dzurisin (1988).
The historic record for eruptions in Greece dates back 2,000 years. The first observation was the eruption at Methana in 258 BC that formed a lava dome and flows. The eruption at Santorini in 197 BC was the first record of the formation of a new volcanic island.
Higgins, K., and Higgins, R., A Geological Companion to Greece and the Aegean.
Newhall, C.G., and Dzurisin, D., 1988, Historical unrest at large calderas of the world: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1855, 1108 p.
Simkin, T., and Siebert, L., 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.
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