SCIENCE TEST
CHAPTER 4

Name

_____________________

1. What is the name of the most common rock on the surface of the Earth?


2. In your own words give a definition of the term, ROCK.



3. What are the four minerals that are usually found in granite?



4. What is weathering?



5. What are the three

types

of rocks?



6. Draw a diagram and explain what happens in the rock
cycle.








7. In your own words describe what a mineral is.



8. What is the name of the mineral that is magnetic?

9. What does the term

property

of a mineral

mean?



10-22 Match the following terms with the corresponding letter.

10. ____Luster a. A large intrusive igneous body
larger than 100 square km
11. ____Batholith b. An intrusive igneous body that
runs parallel to layers of rock.

12. ____Non-metallic c. A property of minerals that is
measured with the Mohs Scale

13. ____Dike d. A mineral that will not
conduct electricity.

14. ____cleavage e. An intrusive igneous body
that runs through layers of rock.

15. ____Sill f. A property of minerals that
indicates the "shininess" of a mineral
16. ____Hardness g. A property of a mineral that
describes how a minerals into flat planes.



17. ____Intrusive a. An igneous rock that is formed under the surface of the Earth.

18. ____Metallic b. An igneous rock that is formed on the surface of the Earth.

19. ____Streak c. Molten rock that has not reached the surface of the Earth.

20. ____Lava d. Molten rock that has reached
the surface of the Earth.

21. ____Extrusive e. A test to determine the true
color of a mineral.

22. ____Magma f. a mineral that conducts electricity

23-30 Write the correct term

rock

or

mineral

after each word below.

23. Pumice___________

24. Gabbro___________

25. Magnetite__________

26. Hematite___________

27. Obsidian___________

28. Galena____________

29. Basalt_____________

30. Rhyolite___________


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