Small spatter cones forming near Pu'u 'O'o on the east rift zone of Kilauea in July of 1985. Note that the ability of molten spatter to stick together allows the spatter cones to be steep and even vertical. The pahoehoe toes in the foreground are picking up pieces of scoria that cover the ground in this area, and via a "reverse caterpillar motion" are placing these pieces (the dark spots) on top of themselves - stratigraphy is being reversed.


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