OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Monogenetic Fields

 

Aerial view of Lost Jim cinder cone and monogenetic volcanic field of Imuruk Lake, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Photograph courtesy of Jim Clough, Alaska Division of Geological & Geophyiscal Surveys.

 

Monogenetic fields also don't look like "volcanoes", rather they are collections of sometimes hundreds to thousands of separate vents and flows. Monogenetic fields are the result of very low supply rates of magma. In fact, the supply rate is so spread out both temporally and spatially that no preferred "plumbing" ever gets established; the next batch of magma doesn't have a pre-existing pathway to the surface and it makes its own.

A monogenetic field is kind of like taking a single volcano and spreading all its separate eruptions over a large area. There are numerous monogenetic fields in the American southwest and in México, including Michoacan-Guanajuato, San Martín Tuxtla, Pinacate, and the San Francisco volcanic field.

 

Aerial view of Lost Jim cinder cone and monogenetic volcanic field of Imuruk Lake, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Photograph courtesy of Jim Clough, Alaska Division of Geological & Geophyiscal Surveys.