OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Karymsky

Latitude (dd): 
54.05
Longitude (dd): 
159.45
Elevation (m): 
1536
Country: 
Russia
State (Province, etc): 
Kamchatka Peninsula
Type: 
Stratovolcano

 

 
Image Source: photo by J. M. Lees, Associate Professor, Geophysics University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill


Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, which is located immediately south of Karymsky volcano. The caldera enclosing Karymsky volcano formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the Karymsky stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater. 



Karymsky Map of Lava Flow (work of Alexei Ozerov)

 


Image Source: Geoff Mackley, Filmmaker and Photographer

Image of Karymsky Volcano 
Image Source: The 1994-1995 Kamchatka Calendar.