OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Izalco

Latitude (dd): 
13.81
Longitude (dd): 
-89.63
Elevation (m): 
1950
Country: 
El Salvador
Type: 
Stratovolcano


Since 1770, Izalco has erupted at least 51 times. Izalco was once the most regularly active volcano in El Salvador, earning the title "lighthouse of the Pacific".

A small flank eruption in 1966 was the most recent activity. Temperatures of gases from f umaroles in the summit crater declined from 1964-1974.

Izalco is a small stratovolcano made of basalt

Photographs by Steve O'Meara of Volcano Watch International.

 


Sources of Information:

Carr, M. J., Mayfield, D.G., and Walker, J.A., 1981, Relation of lava compositions to volcano size and structure in El Salvador: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 10, p. 35-48.

Carr, M.J., and Pontier, N.K., 1981, Evolution of a young parasitic cone towards a mature central vent: Izalco and Santa Ana volcanoes in El Salvador, central America: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 11, p. 277-292.

McClelland, L., Simkin, T., Summers, M., Nielsen, E., and Stein, T.C., 1989, Global Volcanism 1975-1985: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 655 p.

Rose, W.I., and Stoiber, R.E., 1969, The 1966 eruption of Izalco volcano, El Salvador: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 74, p. 3,119-3,130.

Simkin, T., and Siebert, L., 1994, Volcanoes of the World: Geoscience Press, Tucson, Arizona, 349 p.

Stoiber, R.E., Rose, W.I., Lange, I.M., and Birnie, R.W., 1975, The cooling of Izalco volcano (El Salvador): Geol. Jb. B 13, S. 193-205.