Glossary beginning with U

Volcano Term Definitions

Ultramaficsearch for term

Igneous rocks made mostly of the mafic minerals hypersthene, augite, and/or olivine.

Unconformitysearch for term

A substantial break or gap in the geologic record where a rock unit is overlain by another that is not next in stratigraphic sucession, such as an interruption in continuity of a depositional sequence of sedimentary rocks or a break between eroded igneous rocks and younger sedimentary strata. It results from a change that caused deposition to cease for a considerable time, and it normally implies uplift and erosion with loss of the previous formed record.