- Learn More
- Kids Only!
- Adventures and Fun
Volcano Term Definitions
A submarine volcano
The motion of surfaces sliding past one another.
A gently sloping volcano in the shape of a flattened dome and built almost exclusively of lava flows.
A chemical combination of silicon and oxygen
A tabular body of intrusive igneous rock, parallel to the layering of the rocks into which it intrudes.
An opening formed by a collapse in the roof of a lava tube
A low, steep-sided cone of spatter built up on a fissure or vent. It is usually of basaltic material
A volcano composed of both lava flows and pyroclastic material.
The zone of convergence of two tectonic plates, one of which usually overrides the other.
A ring-shaped cloud of gas and suspended solid debris that moves radially outward at high velocity as a density flow from the base of a vertical eruption column accompanying a volcanic eruption or crater formation.