Chapter Review

Chapter 2
Earthquakes and Volcanoes


  1. What is a Tsunami?




  2. Explain the difference between a focus and an epicenter.




  3. Name the three types of earthquake waves.




  4. What is magnitude and how is it related to the Richter Scale?




  5. What is an fault?




  6. What are the two definitions for a volcano?




  7. What is the difference between active, dormant, and extinct volcanoes.

  8. What is the difference between magma and lava?




  9. Label the following diagram



    A._____

    B._____

    C._____

    D._____

    E._____

    F._____

  10. Name and describe the 3 ways that volcanoes form.






  11. What causes earthquakes to occur?




  12. Where do the majority of earthquakes occur?




  13. What causes volcanoes to grow larger?





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