OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Chapter 4 Review

SCIENCE REVIEW

CHAPTER 4

Name

_____________________

 

Write a definition for the following terms.

1. Rock-

 

 

2. Mineral-

 

 

3. Weathering-

 

 

4. Igneous rocks-

 

 

5. Sedimentary rocks-

 

 

6. Metamorphic rocks-

 

 

7. Draw a diagram and describe the rock cycle-

 

 

 

 

8. Name the most common rock found on the surface of the

Earth.

 

9-12. Name the four minerals that make up granite.

 

13. Describe what the term, property of a mineral means.

 

14-21. Match the following igneous terms with its corresponding definition.

14. _____Sill a. An intrusive igneous body that runs through an existing layer of rock.

15. _____Dike b. A very large intrusive igneous body that is larger than 100 square miles.

16. _____Batholith c. A type of igneous rock that is

formed under the surface of the Earth.

17. _____Laccolith d. Molten rock under the surface of the Earth.

18. _____Intrusive e. Molten rock on the surface of the Earth.

19. _____Extrusive f. A type of igneous rock that is formed on the surface of the Earth.

20. _____Magma g. A small intrusive igneous body.

21. ______Lava h. An intrusive igneous body that runs parallel with existing rock layers.

 

22- Match the following terms with its corresponding definition.

 

22. _____Metallic a. A test to determine the true color of a mineral.

23. _____Non-metallic b. A property that describes how a mineral breaks into flat planes.

24. _____Streak c. A mineral that conducts electricity.

25. _____Hardness d. A property of a mineral that is measured by the Mohs scale.

26. _____Cleavage e. A property of a mineral that measures how it reflects light.

27. _____Luster f. A mineral that does not conduct electricity.

 

28-42 Write the correct term

rock or mineral after each word below.

 

Pumice___________

Talc______________

Gabbro___________

Granite____________

Magnetite__________

Hornblende_________

Hematite___________

Mica______________

Obsidian___________

Quartz____________

Galena____________

Feldspar___________

Basalt_____________

Calcite_____________

Rhyolite___________