Chapter 2 Test

Test Chapter 2
Earthquakes and Volcanoes


    1. _____ Fault  A. gods and goddesses of ancient mythology
    2. _____Focus  B. Exact point of origin of an earthquake. Usually found deep under the surface of the Earth.
    3. _____ Magnitude  C. The point on the surface of the Earth directly above the earthquake.
    4. _____ Tsunami  D. Long crack in the crust of Earth.
    5. _____ Pele, Vulcan, and Kashima  E. measure of the strength of an earthquake
    6. _____ Epicenter  F. Seismic sea wave caused by an earthquake, hurricane, or underwater landslide.
    7. ___Compression-Shear-Surface  H. The three types of earthquake waves.

    8. _____Volcano  A. A volcano that has not erupted in recorded time and is not considered to do
    9. ____ Dormant Volcano  B. An opening in the surface of the Earth in which molten rock and gas can escape
    10._____Extinct Volcano  C. Bowl shaped depression located at the top of the main vent in a volcano
    12._____ Magma  D. Molten rock found under the surface of the Earth
    13._____Lava  E. A volcano that is resting 
    14._____Conduit  F. Molten rock found under the surface of the Earth
    15._____Crater  G. The main passageway for magma in a volcano

    16-21. Name the three ways that volcanoes form and describe the process of formation for each.



    19. Why do earthquakes occur?

    20. Where do most of the world's earthquakes occur?

    21. How does a volcano grow larger?


    Name the volcanic term for each letter.
    A._____ D._____  

    B._____ E._____

    C._____ F._____