Chapter 4 Copymaster: Test, Reviews, Answer Keys, Chapter Schedule

Chapter #4 Copymaster includes tests and answers for students and teachers on material covered in Chapter 4.

Select options on the right hand side to proceed. 

Chapter 4 Lesson Plan

Rocks and Minerals

 

 

In the chapter "Rocks and Minerals" the students will have the opportunity to work with 30 minerals and rocks in a hands-on data collection center. Then the students will study the concepts and processes associated with those same minerals and rocks at the computer center. You will need to locate the following materials to allow your students to complete the lessons.

Materials:

A "Rocks and Minerals" lab kit which includes the following items;

 

  

Plastic boxes to hold the lab materials and the rock and mineral specimen. The number of boxes will be determined by the number of groups that your class has. I would suggest no more than four students per group.

  

30 rocks and minerals specimen

1.   

Lesson 1-granite, biotite mica , white feldspar, hornblende, milky 
quartz 


2.   

Lesson 2-talc, galena, hematite, magnetite, calcite


3.   

Lesson 3-pumice, obsidian, basalt, gabbro, rhyolite

4.   

Lesson 4-conglomerate, limestone, shale, breccia, and gray sandstone

5.   

Lesson 5-slate, marble, schist, gneiss, quartzite
Lesson 6-anthracite coal, red sandstone, kaolinite, rose quartz, halite



  

Lab materials

glass slides, pennies, iron nails, eye droppers and bottles, vinegar, streak plates, magnets, and magnifying lenses.

You will need one each of the above testing materials for each group.

  

Data collection sheets

Each student should receive data collection sheets which will cover all 30 rocks and minerals specimen. The students will perform 11 tests and collect the data from the different tests on each rock or mineral sample.


Color- The students will look at the sample and write down the color that they see in the sample.


Streak -The students will scratch the specimen across the streak plate to determine the color of the streak.


Luster- The students will determine if the mineral has a metallic or non-metallic luster. If the luster is non-metallic the student will determine if the sample is earthy, pearly, vitreous, or greasy.


Acid Test- The students will use an eyedropper to put a drop of vinegar onto the sample and watch with the hand lens to see if any "FIZZING" occurs. If a chemical reaction occurs with the dilute acid then the students are able to determine if any calcium carbonate is present.


Magnetism- The students will touch the specimen with a magnet to determine if the specimen is magnetic.


Hardness Tests- The tests are used to determine the relative hardness of a rock or mineral. To determine the hardness the students will scratch the testing material (ie: glass slide, penny etc.) with the rock sample to determine which is harder. 
When the students are testing the hardness they can stop when their sample is found to be softer than the testing material.

Fingernail- The students will scratch the rock specimen with their thumbnail to determine if the sample is harder or softer than their nail. If the mineral scratches their nail then the sample is harder than the nail. The students can X the column under the fingernail and proceed to the next test. Hardness = 2.5 on Mohs hardness scale.


Penny- The students will scratch a copper penny to determine if the specimen is harder or softer than the penny. Hardness = 3 on Mohs hardness scale.


Iron Nail- The students will continue to test the samples hardness with the iron nail. Hardness = 4.5 on Mohs hardness scale.


Glass Slide- The glass slide is the last hardness test. If the sample is harder than the glass slide explain to the students that the sample is above 6 on the hardness scale and there are not many common minerals that are that hard. Quartz is the hardest of the common minerals at 7 on the hardness scale.


Layers/Bands/Crystals- The students will examine the rock specimen for sedimentary layers, metamorphic bands, and crystal formation. Explain to the students that there is a difference between bands and layers. Have the students record what they see on their data collection chart.


 

The first lesson "Rocks " works with the following specimen of rocks and minerals; Granite, biotite mica, quartz, feldspar, and hornblende. At the computer center the students will study the concepts and processes that form rocks.

 

In the second lesson "Minerals " the students will work with the following minerals; Galena, magnetite, hematite, talc, and calcite. The students will be exposed to the processes and concepts associated with the formation of minerals.

 

The third lesson deals with igneous rocks. The students will become aware of the processes that cause the formation of igneous rocks. The students will work hands-on with the following rocks; pumice, obsidian, gabbro, basalt, and rhyolite.

 

The fourth lesson involves the students learning about the processes that form sedimentary rocks . They will work hands-on with the following rocks; conglomerate, breccia, limestone, gray sandstone, and shale.

 

The fifth lesson in this series involves teaching about the concepts and processes involved in the formation of metamorphic rocks . The students will work hands-on with the following rock samples; slate, schist, gneiss, white marble, quartzite.

 

The sixth lesson in this series involves teaching about the processes of coal and fossil formation. The students will be working hands-on with the following samples of rocks and minerals; Anthracite coal , halite, pyrite, kaolinite, dolomite, and graphite.

 

 

Chapter 4 Lesson Chart

Chapter 4 - Chart

Chapter 4 Student Vocabulary

Rocks and Minerals

Lesson 10 Rocks

Name_________________

1. The age of the Earth-

 

 

 

 

2. How the layers cooled-

 

 

 

3. Rocks-

 

(a)

(b)

(c)

 

4. Minerals-

 

 

 

 

5. Soil-

 

 

 

6. Rock Cycle-

 

Chapter 4 - Student Rock Vocab 

Chapter 4 Teacher Vocabulary

Rocks and Minerals

Lesson 10 Rocks

Name_________________

1. The age of the Earth-

The Earth is about 4.6 billion years old.

 

 

2. How the layers cooled-

As the Earth cooled the heaviest and densest materials sank to the center, and the lightest materials rose to the top. The heaviest materials are the metals iron and nickel, which makes up the inner and outer cores. The lightest materials are rock and make up the crust and upper most region of the mantle.

 

3. Rocks-

Rocks are composed of two or more minerals. These minerals have been 1) cemented together 2) squeezed and heated together, or 3) melted and cooled together Rocks make up the vast majority of the Earth's crust. The two most common rocks on the crust are granite and basalts.

4. Minerals-

A mineral is a solid that is composed of one substance that occurs naturally on Earth.

 

5. Soil-

Soil is composed of very small, weathered fragments of rock along with organic (decomposed or decomposing plant and animal material) material.

 

6. Rock Cycle-

The rock cycle is the process in which igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks are changed over time. Igneous rocks are formed by volcanic activity. Metamorphic rocks are igneous, sedimentary, or other metamorphic rocks that have been changed by heat, pressure, chemical means, or a combination of all or some of the above. Sedimentary rocks are formed from the weathering of all of the rock types and the cementing, compressing, or recrystallization of the sediments.

 

Chapter 4 - Test key rock cycle

Chapter 4 Review

SCIENCE REVIEW

CHAPTER 4

Name

_____________________

 

Write a definition for the following terms.

1. Rock-

 

 

2. Mineral-

 

 

3. Weathering-

 

 

4. Igneous rocks-

 

 

5. Sedimentary rocks-

 

 

6. Metamorphic rocks-

 

 

7. Draw a diagram and describe the rock cycle-

 

 

 

 

8. Name the most common rock found on the surface of the

Earth.

 

9-12. Name the four minerals that make up granite.

 

13. Describe what the term, property of a mineral means.

 

14-21. Match the following igneous terms with its corresponding definition.

14. _____Sill a. An intrusive igneous body that runs through an existing layer of rock.

15. _____Dike b. A very large intrusive igneous body that is larger than 100 square miles.

16. _____Batholith c. A type of igneous rock that is

formed under the surface of the Earth.

17. _____Laccolith d. Molten rock under the surface of the Earth.

18. _____Intrusive e. Molten rock on the surface of the Earth.

19. _____Extrusive f. A type of igneous rock that is formed on the surface of the Earth.

20. _____Magma g. A small intrusive igneous body.

21. ______Lava h. An intrusive igneous body that runs parallel with existing rock layers.

 

22- Match the following terms with its corresponding definition.

 

22. _____Metallic a. A test to determine the true color of a mineral.

23. _____Non-metallic b. A property that describes how a mineral breaks into flat planes.

24. _____Streak c. A mineral that conducts electricity.

25. _____Hardness d. A property of a mineral that is measured by the Mohs scale.

26. _____Cleavage e. A property of a mineral that measures how it reflects light.

27. _____Luster f. A mineral that does not conduct electricity.

 

28-42 Write the correct term

rock or mineral after each word below.

 

Pumice___________

Talc______________

Gabbro___________

Granite____________

Magnetite__________

Hornblende_________

Hematite___________

Mica______________

Obsidian___________

Quartz____________

Galena____________

Feldspar___________

Basalt_____________

Calcite_____________

Rhyolite___________

Chapter 4 Test

SCIENCE TEST

CHAPTER 4

Name

_____________________

 

1. What is the name of the most common rock on the surface of the Earth?

 

 

2. In your own words give a definition of the term, ROCK.

 

 

 

3. What are the four minerals that are usually found in granite?

 

 

 

4. What is weathering?

 

 

 

5. What are the three types of rocks?

 

 

 

6. Draw a diagram and explain what happens in the rock cycle.

 

Chapter 4 Review Answer Key

SCIENCE REVIEW

CHAPTER 4

Name

_____________________

 

Write a definition for the following terms.

1. Rock-

Rocks are made of two or more different minerals that have been 1) cemented together, or 2) squeezed and heated together, or 3) melted and cooled together. Rocks make up the majority of the Earth's crust. One of the most common rock is granite.

 

2. Mineral- A mineral is a solid material, made of one substance, that occurs naturally on Earth.

Most of the common minerals are made of crystals. A Crystal is a solid formed by a repeating, three-dimensional pattern of atoms, ions, or molecules and having fixed distances between the different parts.

 

3. Weathering-

The break down of rock by wind, water, or ice into smaller pieces.

 

4. Igneous rocks-Igneous rocks start as magma. The magma (molten rock under the surface) and lava (molten rock on the surface) hardens into igneous rock.

 

5. Sedimentary rocks- Sedimentary rocks are formed from the breaking apart of other rocks (igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary rocks) and the cementation, compaction and recrystallization of these broken pieces of rock.

 

6. Metamorphic rocks- Metamorphic rocks form from heat and pressure changing the original or parent rock into a completely new rock. The parent rock can be either sedimentary, igneous, or even another metamorphic rock.

 

7. Draw a diagram and describe the rock cycle-

 Chapter 4 - Test Key Rock Cycle

 

8. Name the most common rock found on the surface of the Earth.

One of the most common rock is granite.

9-12. Name the four minerals that make up granite.

The four minerals that make up granite are feldspar, quartz, mica, and hornblende.

13. Describe what a property of a mineral is.

A mineral is a solid material, made of one substance, that occurs naturally on Earth.

 

14-21. Match the following igneous terms with its corresponding definition. 


14. __H__Sill a. An intrusive igneous body that runs through an existing layer of rock.


15. __ A __Dike b. A very large intrusive igneous body that is larger than 100 square miles.


16. __ B __Batholith c. An igneous rock that is formed under the surface of the Earth.


17. __ G __Laccolith d. Molten rock under the surface of the Earth.


18. __ C __Intrusive e. Molten rock on the surface of the Earth.


19. __ F __Extrusive F. An igneous rock that is formed on the surface of the Earth.

20. __ D __Magma g. A small intrusive igneous body.


21. __ E __Lava h. An intrusive igneous body that runs parallel with existing rock layers.



 

22- 28. Match the following terms with its corresponding definition.



22. _ C __Metallic a. A test to determine the true color of a mineral.


23. _ F __Non-metallic b. A property that describes how a mineral breaks into flat planes.


24. __ A __Streak c. A mineral that conducts electricity.

25. __ D __Hardness d. A property of a mineral that is measured by the Mohs scale.

26. __ B __Cleavage e. A property of a mineral that measures how it reflects light.


27. __ E __Luster f. A mineral that does not conduct electricity.







 

28-42 Write the correct term rock or mineral after each word below.



Pumice rock

Talc___ mineral ___


Gabbro___ rock ________

Granite__ Rock ___


Magnetite__ mineral ________


Hornblende_ mineral ___


Hematite___ mineral ________


Mica______ mineral ___

Obsidian___ Rock _____


Quartz____ mineral ___


Galena___ mineral _________


Feldspar___ mineral ______


Basalt____ Rock _____


Calcite____ mineral _____


Rhyolite___ Rock ________

 

Chapter 4 Test Answer Key

SCIENCE TEST

CHAPTER 4

Name

_____Answer Key ___

 

1. What is the name of the most common rock on the surface of the Earth?

Granite

 

 

2. In your own words give a definition of the term, ROCK.

Rocks are made of two or more different minerals that have been 1) cemented together, or 2) squeezed and heated together, or 3) melted and cooled together. Rocks make up the majority of the Earth's crust. One of the most common rock is granite. 

3. What are the four minerals that are found in most granite 

rocks?

Feldspar, mica, quartz, and hornblende

 

4. What is weathering?

The break down of rock by wind, water, or ice into smaller pieces.

 

5. What are the three types of rocks?

Sedimentary, Igneous, and Metamorphic.

 

6. Draw a diagram and explain what happens in the rock 

cycle.

 

Chapter 4 - Test Key

 

 

7. In your own words describe what a mineral is.

A mineral is a solid material, made of one substance, that occurs naturally on Earth.

Most of the common minerals are made of crystals. A Crystal is a solid formed by a repeating, three-dimensional pattern of atoms, ions, or molecules and having fixed distances between the different parts.

 

8. What is the name of the mineral that is magnetic?

Magnetite

 

9. What does the term property of a mineral mean?

A property is a characteristic of a mineral. Properties help scientists to better understand how the mineral was formed and also to help identify a mineral.

 

10-22 Match the following terms with the corresponding letter.

 

10.__ F__ Luster a. A large intrusive igneous body 

larger than 100 square km

11. _A__Batholith b. An intrusive igneous body that 

runs parallel to layers of rock. 

 

12. _D__Non-metallic c. A property of minerals that is 

measured with the Mohs Scale

 

13. _E__Dike d. A mineral that will not 

conduct electricity.

 

14. _G__cleavage e. An intrusive igneous body 

that runs through layers of rock.

 

15. _B__Sill f. A property of minerals that 

indicates the "shininess" of a mineral

16. _C__Hardness g. A property of a mineral that 

describes how a minerals into flat planes.

17. _A__Intrusive a. An igneous rock that is formed under the surface of the Earth.

 

18. _F__Metallic b. An igneous rock that is formed on the surface of the Earth.

 

19. _E__Streak c. Molten rock that has not reached the surface of the Earth.

 

20. _D__Lava d. Molten rock that has reached 

the surface of the Earth. 

 

21. _B__Extrusive e. A test to determine the true 

color of a mineral.

 

22. _C__Magma f. a mineral that conducts electricity

 

23-30 Write the correct term rock or mineral after each word below.

 

Pumice____Rock_______

 

Gabbro____Rock_______

 

Magnetite__Mineral________

 

Hematite___Mineral________

 

Obsidian____Rock_______

 

Galena_____Mineral_______

 

Basalt_____Rock________

 

Rhyolite__Rock__