OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Bolshoi Semiachik

Latitude (dd): 
54.32
Longitude (dd): 
160.02
Elevation (m): 
1720
Country: 
Russia
State (Province, etc): 
Kamchatka Peninsula
Type: 
Stratovolcano

 

Bolshoi Semiachik is an extinct and eroded stratovolcano. Strong solfataric activity occurs on its southeastern cone (Burlyashy volcano) with fumaroles situated on its southwestern slope.Geysers and colorful hot springs are located 1.2 and 3.1 miles of to thesouthwest of its fumaroles. Bolshoi Semiachik sits in a large ring volcano-tectonic depression. Rocks from Bolshoi Semiachik are made of basalt, andesite and dacite. The volcano was built in two stages. The first stageincluded the development of lava flows of basalt and andesite. The second involved the formation of calderas which happened by destructive explosions with welded tuffs and ignimbrites being layed down with dacites. Bolshoi Semiachik has erupted at least twice, its last eruption occurring around 4450 BC.

Sources of Information:
Erlich, E.N. and Melekestsev, I.V., "Quaternary Acid Volcanism of Kamchatka," Modern Geology, v. 3, pp. 183-193, 1972.

Krijanovsky, N., "Volcanoes of Kamchatka," GSAB, v. 45, pp. 529-550, June 30, 1934.

Sviatolovsky, A. E. 1959 Atlas of Volcanoes of the Soviet Union, USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow USSR. pp. 48-49.