OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Akademia Nauk

Latitude (dd): 
53.98
Longitude (dd): 
159.45
Elevation (m): 
1180
Country: 
Russia
State (Province, etc): 
Kamchatka Peninsula
Type: 
Caldera

 

The scenic lake-filled Akademia Nauk caldera is one of three volcanoes constructed within the mid-Pleistocene, 15-km-wide Polovinka caldera.

Two nested calderas, 5 x 4 km Odnoboky and 3 x 5 km Akademia Nauk (also known as Karymsky Lake or Academii Nauk), were formed during the late Pleistocene, the latter about 30,000 years ago. Eruptive products varied from initial basaltic-andesite lava flows to late-stage rhyodacitic lava domes.

The first historical eruption from Akademia Nauk did not take place until January 2, 1996, when a brief, day-long explosive eruption of unusual basaltic and rhyolitic composition occurred from vents beneath the NNW part of the caldera lake near Karymsky maar.

(Description courtesy of the SI/USGS GVP)